The Sustainable Development Goal 5 is to achieve gender equality and to empower all women and girls by 2030. However, women and girls still face discrimination and become victims of violence all over the world.
Where do we stand concerning this Sustainable Development Goal?
Unfortunately, 49 countries still do not have laws to protect women from domestic violence. In 87 countries it is estimated that 1 in 5 women and girls under 50 years old fall victims of physical or sexual violence by their partner within last year.
Child marriage is still a real thing: every year 15 million girls get married under the age of 18.
Women find themselves doing 2.6 times more unpaid and domestic work than men. That leaves them with significantly less time to engage in other activities while they make less money.
It is estimated that only 52% of women around the world make their own decisions concerning sexual relations, contraception and health care. As a result, decisions concerning education and work are affected too.
As far as women’s professional status is concerned, they occupy less than a third of senior and middle management positions in the private sector and 23.7% of parliamentary seats.
According to the United Nations the targets of the SDG 5 are the following:
End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.
Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.
Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.
Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate.
Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.
Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences.
Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws.
Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women.
Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels.
Women and girls constitute half of the population and they have the same human rights as men. We cannot actually talk about a sustainable world when women and girls continue to suffer. Gender equality is the basis and essence of a prosperous future for all. Women are entitled to equal opportunities concerning their education, healthcare and work.
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